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Educational Programs Benefiting Children and the Building  Industry

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Introducing Young Children to the Building Industry
Children * Education * Construction
* " Me Too Kids" is a Service Mark  /  Vander Heyden Woodworking, Inc. 2000

                               
  Me Too Kids! - the Head Start of the Building Industry

Vocabulary - Engineering and Architecture

Occupations

  1. Architect: a person who decides the size, shape, and appearance i.e. look of a building, and also lays out the rooms inside the building.
  2. Structural Engineer: a person who designs the framework of the building, so that it stands up.
  3. Electrical Engineer: a person who designs the wiring for the building, so that every room has electrical power for things like lights and motors.
  4. Mechanical Engineer: a person who designs the plumbing, heating and cooling systems for a building, so that people are comfortable.
  5. Civil Engineer: a person who designs roads, water projects and other public works
  6. Draftsperson: a person who draws the designs made by the architect or engineer

A Manual Draftsperson - one who draws on paper
A CADD Draftsperson - one who draws on a computer

  1. Contractor: a person who builds the building or other construction project

    Trade Contractors are supervised by a General Contractor

Parts of a Building

  1. Facade: the outside walls and windows such as brick, glass, and stone
  2. Foundation: the part that is underground that the building sits on - usually concrete
  3. Framework: the skeleton of the building that makes it stand up
  4. Column: Vertical member that holds up the floor
  5. Beam: Horizontal member that holds up the floor
  6. Girder: a big beam
  7. Ducts or ductwork: the big metal pipes that supply air conditioning to the rooms

Materials

  1. Concrete: a mixture of cement, sand, gravel (aggregate) and water
  2. Steel: Made from iron, carbon and other ingredients
  3. Brick: made from clay that has been baked in huge ovens
  4. Stone: Natural material formed many thousands of years ago
  5. Wood: Natural material from trees which take many years to grow
  6. Glass: Made from silica (sand or quartz) and other ingredients

DRAWING (THE LANGUAGE OF CONSTRUCTION):

  1. Drawing: made by engineers and architects and trades people, and used by the contractors to build the building. Also called "plans" ; usually on big pieces of special paper that can be copied so that many drawings of the same image can be made
  2. Drafting: the art of making the drawing using either drafting tools or a computer. The draftsperson needs the tools to make lines straight, at angles to each other, or curved. This is the language that all builders use to talk to each other.
  3. Plan: on a drawing, it is the top view of the building (as if you are in an airplane looking down)
  4. Elevation: on a drawing, it is a side (vertical or upright) view of the building ( as if you are standing in front of it looking forward)
  5. Cross-section: on a drawing, it is a view after "slicing through or away" the rest of the building (like cutting an orange in half)
  6. Blueprint: a copy of an original drawing ( not always blue)

Drafting Tools

  1. Drafting Board: a table used for making drawings on paper
  2. T-Square: used to draw parallel lines.
  3. Triangle: used to draw lines perpendicular to the T-Square
  4. Protractor: used to measure angles
  5. Scale: used to measure distances and to draw something bigger or smaller, but in proportion
  6. Template: a stencil ( a flat piece of material - plastic usually ) with shapes punched out of it. These shapes are used a lot when drawing a building (circles, triangles, furniture, etc.)
  7. CADD: "Computer Aided Drafting and Design"
  8. Mouse: Electronic pointing device
  9. Tablet: Super sophisticated mouse
  10. Plotter: Machine that prints drawings made on the computer onto paper

Forces

  1. Tension: a force that pulls
  2. Compression: a force that pushes
  3. Shear: a force that slices

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